With a simple phrase, you can now find the weather, set an alarm and get reminders for appointments. You can also get directions to your destination. All this thanks to AI. Artificial Intelligence goes beyond the practical and somewhat anecdotal uses. It encompasses an enormous domain with almost endless application areas. What is artificial intelligence ? Let’s answer this question !
Artificial Intelligence: Definition
Artificial intelligence was defined in the 1950s as tasks that machines could perform without human intelligence. Francois Chollet (Google researcher and creator of Keras) stressed that AI can adapt and improvise to new environments. He said that AI can apply its knowledge to different situations and generalize it.
Artificial intelligence is a system that mimics the human brain in its functions. It can also plan, learn, reason and solve problems, as well as perform other tasks.
AI can be applied in many different fields. AI is also used in intelligent machines that have specific capabilities and automatic problem-solving systems. As it understands your questions for a language assistant, it can make purchase recommendations. Artificial intelligence is possible anywhere.
If you are willing to learn more about AI, there is an AI event every year in France, the World Artificial Intelligence Cannes Festival ! There, you can listen to many conferences and talks about AI.
Artificial intelligence has many benefits
Artificial intelligence offers many benefits, which we will discuss below.
AI is already a standard feature in electronic organizers, personal assistants and home automation. Autonomous cars are also booming. You can give repetitive, tedious tasks to AI and free up time for more important tasks.
Promote industrial growth
AI has become mandatory in certain areas, such as finance, healthcare, transport, energy, food, and transportation. AI is the foundation of an industry that is rapidly changing. It can improve performance, assist operations, resource management and customer preference identification.
Your data can be accessed via the cloud
This new hosting model allows real-time data processing and storage capacity. AI can then analyse the data using real-time machine learning. AI is a promising technology in many areas. The only thing that differentiates competing companies from each other is their ability to adapt AI to their production processes.
AI is still in its infancy. As an example, you can see how wearing a mask can cause problems with facial recognition. After a few weeks, the real AI should be able to identify the owner more accurately.
What are the different types of artificial intelligence?
There are four types of artificial intelligence.
These are the simplest forms of AI: reactive machines. They can react to their environment but cannot form memories or make decisions based on past experiences.
AI systems with limited memory can recall past experiences and make future decisions based on them;
Theory of Mind: AI can simulate emotions and social interactions and understand them;
Self-awareness: A self-aware AI can be aware of its existence and make autonomous decisions.
What is the role of AI?
AI relies on massive amounts of data to make it work. These capabilities enable you to extract certain features from the data and then process them to produce your results. Machine learning systems need human intervention to instruct the machine on how to extract desired features. Deep learning systems, which are capable of learning to classify and extract features from a higher level of AI, can be trained to do this.
Take the example of autonomous driving. Autonomous cars get visual data from their cameras, but they rely on radar and other sensing technologies to see the world around them. They also constantly monitor and receive operational tracking data. This data is processed by the AI to determine whether the situation the vehicle is in requires intervention. The AI then communicates this analysis to the vehicle to ensure that the vehicle can safely steer in the envisioned scenario.